Kingston upon Thames » About Conservation Areas

CA6: Fairfield/Knight's Park

Designation date: July 1985 and extended in September 1989

No of properties: 550

Area: 21.4 hectares


image source: Conservation Area leaflet, 2002.

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Designation summary

The special architectural and historic interest of this area can be described as: An early suburb of Kingston Town Centre comprising of houses of various sizes and designs dating mainly from the 1820s to 1900 around Fairfield, a recreational open space since 1855.

Historic background summary

In 1850 this conservation area was farmland and open meadows until Victorian villas were built on Orchard Road in 1860. Following the opening of Kingston Railway Station in 1863, the value of land increased rapidly and during the 1860’s and 1870’s, houses were built on Fairfield North, Knights Park and Mill Street with Fairfield Recreation Ground opening in 1889. Unlike today, in the 19th century, the Hogsmill River was deeper and faster flowing and a lack of bridges slowed the rate of development in this area. It was not until the 1890’s that Springfield Road Bridge was built, connecting the southern and northern halves of Grove. Today the Hogsmill River to the south and the A307 encapsulates the area creating a tranquil environment with houses which are rich in architectural detail and townscape character.

Listed Buildings

Buildings of Townscape Merit

  • St Joseph’s RC Primary School
  • 24 Bollards at entrances to Fairfield Recreation Grounds
  • 1, 2 Fairfield South
  • 20, 22, 24, 30, 32, 34, 36, 38, 40, 42 Orchard Road
  • 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 Wheatfield Way
  • 1, 2 Fairfield South

Adjacent Conservation Areas (CA) / Local Areas of Special Character (LASC)

  • Albert Rd/Victoria Road LASC
  • Grove Crescent CA

Archaeological Priority Area


Article 4 Directions

Article 4 Direction - converting offices to residential use

Further information

Fairfield/Knights Park Conservation Area Designation Report


If you have any questions about this conservation area or would like to find out whether you need planning permission before carrying out works to your property, please contact the Duty Planning Officer on 020 8547 5002.

Documents available to download:

Link Description Source Published
CA 6 Planning Information Conservation Area 6 - Planning Information (A5 size leaflet, fold out to A3) RBK Director of Environmental Services 2002

General information
Information applying to all Conservation Areas